Over 7 million people in India are thought to be affected by chronic renal disease. Is kidney damage irreversible? This is something that many people wonder about. Acute kidney injury, sometimes referred to as acute renal failure, can be reversed to restore kidney function while chronic kidney disease (CKD) cannot be reversed but can surely be treated.
In this blog, we’ll be discussing chronic kidney disease in detail, its symptoms, and treatments. We will also discuss the best ways to consult with kidney specialists from the top kidney hospitals in India online.
Know about chronic kidney disease
Renal function gradually declines with the onset of chronic kidney disease (CKD), usually over months or years. Numerous illnesses, both internal and external to the kidneys, might over time gradually deteriorate the kidneys and result in CKD.
- High Blood pressure
- Excess abdominal fat
- Glomerulonephritis (glomeruli inflammation) and interstitial nephritis (inflammation of interstitium)
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Vesicoureteral reflux (urine to back up into kidneys)
- Ongoing renal infection (pyelonephritis)
- Persistent urinary blockage (enlarged prostate, kidney stones, cancers)
The two that affect blood arteries in the kidney the most directly—and cause renal tissue to be destroyed—are diabetes and hypertension. If acute kidney damage is not fully healed, chronic kidney disease may develop. Based on glomerular filtration rate (GFR), a measure of how effectively the kidneys filter blood, the severity of the renal disease is determined. Serum creatinine, a waste product that builds up in blood plasma as renal function deteriorates, is used to determine GFR. The age, gender, and race of the patient are taken into account in the computation.
The progression of symptoms from renal insufficiency to end-stage renal failure occurs gradually over time. Because the remaining healthy tissue becomes more active and can temporarily make up for the loss, a phenomenon known as renal adaptation, early loss of renal tissue frequently does not result in any symptoms.
When a sizable amount of kidney function has already been lost, symptoms start to show. Typically, the first function to suffer is the ability to concentrate urine, which leads to numerous rounds of the restroom, majorly at night.
Fatigue, appetite loss, and a decline in mental capacity are also early warning signals. Loss of kidney function may lead to a multitude of issues because the kidneys control blood pH, the balance of fluid and electrolytes, and the removal of metabolic wastes.
The symptoms of an accumulation of toxic nitrogenous wastes might range from nausea and vomiting to confusion and convulsions.
- Increased blood acidity, or metabolic acidosis, results from decreased excretion of hydrogen ions.
- Low blood calcium levels, or hypocalcemia, are a result of the decreased renal synthesis of calcitriol, an active form of vitamin D. The parathyroid gland produces more parathyroid hormone (PTH) when the blood calcium level is low. PTH encourages the release of calcium from bones to elevate blood calcium levels. This process eventually results in secondary hyperparathyroidism, or an overactive parathyroid gland, which may appear before hypocalcemia does. Renal osteodystrophy is a disorder in which the bones deteriorate and become thin as a result of ongoing calcium loss to the blood. Pain in the bones and joints as well as an increased risk of fractures are symptoms.
- Anemia may result from decreased erythropoietin release by the kidneys, a hormone that stimulates the production of red blood cells.
Renal function tests, which evaluate blood and urine, are the foundation for diagnosis. To find the renal blockage, ultrasound is used. Based on kidney size, it might also be possible to differentiate between acute renal damage and chronic kidney disease.
Kidney Treatment in India:
Treatments entail specific dietary supplements and limitations in addition to trying to control the underlying ailment and deal with the complications. The kidney specialist might recommend the patient perform dialysis or go for a kidney transplant in the case of end-stage renal disease.
How we can help you?
Vanya health is the telehealth company that empowers you to get connected with the best doctors online. For you to select and receive the best treatment from the doctor of your preference, Vanya Health has organized the categories of doctors with their specialty and fee schedules systematically.
Looking to consult with a kidney specialist in India online, but are still confused?
On our platform, you can easily access the list of the top kidney specialists from the best kidney hospitals in India. Therefore, you can always seek a second opinion on your treatment. Different specialists have different perspectives to give treatment to their patients, and when it comes to health choose only the best. We are confident that by using this facility, you will receive the best consultation for kidney treatment in India.