What are the main functions of the kidneys?
The primary function of the kidneys is to eliminate waste by converting it to urine. The kidneys filter the eight liters of blood that go through the body twenty to twenty-five times each day, or 180 liters of blood in total every twenty-four hours. The reason the kidneys need to be constantly active is that as you consume food and liquids, the components of your blood are always changing.
In this blog, we will discuss how our kidneys are linked with the heart, what’s the best way of getting a consultation for treatment from the best kidney/cardiac specialists of the top hospitals in India, in the comfort of your home.
Each kidney receives blood through arteries that repeatedly branch until they generate tiny vessels that connect to unique internal structures called nephrons. One million of these nephrons make up each kidney's formidable network of filters and sensors, which diligently move through the blood. Here, we can see how precise and sophisticated this internal sensor system is.
Each nephron employs a glomerulus, a blob-like structure, and a tubule, a long, stringy structure that resembles a straw, to filter the blood. Only specific components, such as vitamins and minerals, can pass through the glomerulus and enter the tubule. The task of this vessel is to ascertain whether any of those components are required by the body.
If so, they are reabsorbed in the quantities the body requires, allowing the blood to flow once more. However, blood carries more than just beneficial components. Additionally, substances that are not required are also present. Additionally, the nephrons must decide what to do with them. The tubules detect substances the body doesn't require, such as urea left over from the breakdown of proteins, and direct urine, which passes via two lengthy sewers called ureters, out of the kidneys. These tubes discharge their contents into the bladder, where your body can finally be free of that waste.
The urine also contains water. The surplus liquid is sent to the bladder to be eliminated if the kidney determines that there is an excessive amount in your blood. Conversely, when blood water levels are low, the kidney releases some water back into the bloodstream, which results in less water passing via the urine. Because of this, the urine appears yellow when dehydrated. Your kidneys balance the body's fluid levels by managing water.
However, the kidney is not just adept at this delicate balancing act. Both the hormone erythropoietin, which boosts RBC production, and the hormone renin, which raises blood pressure, can be secreted by these organs when vitamin D is activated.
What would happen if the kidneys stop functioning?
If your kidneys cease working normally, wastes will build up in your body. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is the medical term for this problem. A gradual decline in renal function over months or years is a sign of CKD. The blood-cleansing function of the kidneys must be replaced by dialysis or kidney transplantation for people facing the problem of kidney failure.
Does Chronic Kidney Disease occur frequently?
Sadly, it's getting more typical. The prevalence of chronic kidney disease has increased in urbanized nations where bad eating habits, elevated body fat, and sedentary lifestyles have been the norm.
Why is the risk of heart disease higher in people with kidney disease?
Heart disease and early death are three times more likely in people with kidney dysfunction. Many people are unaware of the significant link between renal impairment and cardiovascular disease, which can result in events like a heart attack or stroke.
Your blood pressure may increase if your kidneys aren't functioning properly. If high blood pressure is not treated, it tends to restrict blood vessels by thickening the blood vessel walls. The heart is weakened and renal failure eventually results from severe, uncontrolled blood pressure.
How can I lower my chance of developing kidney disease and heart disease at the same time?
Making healthy lifestyle decisions can help you feel better overall and reduce your chances of heart disease and kidney disease. Below are some of the best tips from the kidney specialist in India that you could apply in your life to lead a healthy lifestyle:
- Quit smoking! The most crucial action you can take to improve your heart health is to stop smoking right away!
- Maintain a healthy weight. Eat a balanced diet; speak with your doctor to learn more about body mass index and what's best for you. Limit your intake of salt and saturated fats.
- Maintain good blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels.
- To stay hydrated, drink plenty of water and other liquids. Take other hard drinks like alcohol occasionally.
- Aim to exercise for 30 minutes, five times per week. Walking for just 30 minutes a day will have a significant impact!
- Always go for follow-up visits. People might take follow–up visits for granted but it is always advised to go for follow-up visits during the treatment. Take prompt action in case the situation demands and consult with the best kidney/cardiologist in India.
What should be done if I feel like I could suffer from heart or kidney failure?
The good news is that kidney disease can be slowed down before it develops into renal failure with early detection and treatment. The risk factors that could cause heart failure can also be evaluated and minimized with early detection of heart disease. Consult your cardiologist or nephrologist if you believe you may be at risk so you can learn how to protect or save your kidneys and keep your heart healthy.
How can we help you?
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