Covid 19 has hit many parts of the world like a disaster, it has killed millions of people around the world. Covid 19 spreads through close personal contact with someone who has the virus. In the majority, the symptoms of Covid 19 are relatively mild and in some, the severity is more especially for people with chronic medical conditions like diabetes, heart problems, obesity, and chronic kidney disease.
Covid 19 and Diabeteic Patients
Diabetic is an illness that causes blood sugar levels to rise higher than normal. Generally, infectious disease like Covid 19 is seen severe in Diabetic patients. For Diabetic patients, Covid 19 is a double challenge. They have a higher risk of developing severe complications such as difficulty breathing or pneumonia. Fortunately, there are the best Diabetologists in India who are giving their best in safeguarding the lives of diabetic patients by their treatment and advice.
What Exactly is Diabetes and Its Types?
Diabetes which is also called Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that causes high blood sugar in the body. The hormone insulin moves sugar from the blood into our cells to be used as energy. When you are diabetic the body either does not make enough insulin or cannot effectively use the insulin it makes.
Types of Diabetes:
You might have heard your doctor using various words to define your diabetes. If your consultation is with the best endocrinologist in India they will make sure you know what your type is and how you are going to be treated, the types are:
Type 1 Diabetes
In type 1 the body ceases or produces less insulin to regulate the level of blood glucose. Earlier it was also called juvenile-onset diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. Patients with type 1 need insulin treatment daily to sustain life.
Type 2 Diabetes
In this type, the pancreas secretes enough insulin but the body is not able to use the insulin. Earlier it was called Adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin-dependent Mellitus. It rarely occurs at a young age. And it can be controlled with appropriate exercise, diet, and weight loss.
This type is common in women during the second half of pregnancy. If not cared for properly, it can lead to health complications for both mother and baby. Gestational diabetes usually disappears after the delivery period. Women suffering from this type are likely to get type 2 diabetes in the latter part of their lives.
Why are Diabetic Patients at Higher Risk for Covid 19?
The immune system of diabetic patients does not work well, as a result, it becomes harder for diabetic patients to fight the virus caused by Covid-19. Diabetes also keeps the body in a low-level state of inflammation, this makes the healing response slower.
Say, for example, you cut yourself while cooking and that area gets inflamed. The purpose of inflammation is to bring different proteins and molecules to that part to improve its healing. But it doesn’t work that way on a microvascular level with chronic disease. And inflammation can be more damaging than helpful in them.
So, it is better to consult with the best Diabetologist or best endocrinologist in India and consider the doctor’s prevention tips for corona before because ‘preparation and precaution is the best protection.
Endocrinologists are the doctors who have special training in diagnosing and treating disorders like diabetes, infertility, thyroid, adrenal, etc. and Diabetologists are the doctors who are specialized in the treatment of diabetes. Both the doctors can help you in controlling the sugar level that can cause complications in Covid 19.
There are many ways of preparing yourself before the complications. You can take the advice of the doctors on keeping control of diabetes, following the safety protocols, and avoiding meetings. Nowadays, video consultation with an endocrinologist in India is also possible, this will reduce the risk of spreading the virus in the diabetics patient.
Preparation and Precaution for Protection:
It is better to protect yourself from Corona than to treat the complications of Corona. People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes can follow these tips to reduce the risk of infection:
- Wash hands frequently with soap and water.
- Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer when soap and water are not available.
- Avoid touching surfaces when possible.
- Frequently disinfect surfaces that can be contaminated such as countertops, tabletops, and door handles.
- Avoid touching eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Practice social/ physical distancing as much as possible.
- Wear cloth masks in public.
- Be accurate in taking the medicines for Diabetes.
- Keep a check on your Diabetes level.
- Be active and maintain a healthy diet.
- Visit your doctor, take advice or suggestions from him to keep the sugar in control, or Consult the Endocrinologist in India online if you are not able to visit your doctor.
Although Diabetic patients are at higher risk of more complications from Covid 19, it is surely possible to decrease the risk by maintaining good control over the sugar levels and following the precaution measures.
If you notice a few early symptoms of Covid 19 in you, then you must immediately consult your doctor or contact the nearest healthcare center before it becomes complicated. Do not wait and try home remedies if you are already suffering from mild symptoms.