In medicine, low blood pressure is referred to as hypotension. A BP reading lesser than 90 mm Hg for the top number (systolic) or 60 mm Hg for the bottom number (diastolic) is usually considered low blood pressure. A person may occasionally feel fatigued or lightheaded due to low blood pressure. Hypotension in those circumstances may be a symptom of a condition that has to be treated.
In this blog post, we’ll be discussing the signs or symptoms of low blood pressure that you should never ignore. We will be discussing the various causes, treatments, and ways to consult with the best cardiologist in India online.
Adults over the age of 18 should have a systolic blood pressure of 120 +, - 20 mm Hg, and a diastolic blood pressure of 80 +, - 20 mm Hg (Diastolic Blood Pressure). The distinction between normal and abnormal blood pressure is arbitrary because it depends on a variety of variables, including age, sex, race, and others. Additionally, breathing, emotions, exercise, food, alcohol, cigarettes, bladder distention, temperature, and pain cause changes in blood pressure from moment to moment. Low blood pressure can be caused by a variety of medical conditions, including dehydration.
Signs/symptoms of low blood pressure
Low blood pressure can be a warning indicator for certain people, particularly if it lowers suddenly or is accompanied by symptoms like
- Blurred or fading vision
- Tachycardia - A condition that makes your heart beat more than 100 times per minute.
- Bradycardia - A condition in which your heart beats fewer than 60 times per minute, which is unusually low.
- A general feeling of Weakness
- Cold, clammy skin or pale skin
- Lack of concentration
- Lethargy or fatigue
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Signs of infection
- Dehydration/ unusual thirst
- Suddenly noticing your heartbeat (palpitations)
- Feeling confused
It’s advisable that, if you encounter the above-mentioned symptoms, consult with the cardiologist or the best method to consult is to go for a teleconsultation in India. We will talk about the best platform using which you can easily get connected with the best cardiologist in India.
Do you feel some dizziness, when you suddenly stand up?
When you change your position, such as from lying down or sitting to standing, your blood pressure may occasionally drop. When you get up, you can experience the above-mentioned symptoms, such as feeling lightheaded or faint. As your body adjusts, they will pass rapidly, but you run the risk of falling because of them.
Postural hypotension or orthostatic hypotension is what this is. It is brought on by artery alterations that occur with age and if you use blood pressure-lowering medication.
- Medication: Medications can lower your blood pressure. These include beta-blockers, which are used to address cardiac issues, antidepressants, and blood pressure-lowering drugs.
- Diabetes can disrupt your hormones and the nerves that control your blood vessels, which can affect how your blood pressure is normally controlled. If your nerves are compromised, standing up may cause your blood pressure to drop because it takes too long for your blood vessels to adapt to the new position.
- You may have adrenal gland issues. A tumor, infection, or Addison's illness (a disorder in which the adrenal glands don’t produce enough hormones)are a few examples. The adrenal glands, which are located slightly above the kidneys, create hormones that aid in blood pressure regulation. These hormones may decrease if they are destroyed (adrenal glands can stop working if your immune system attacks your healthy adrenal glands by mistake, other causes include cancer, fungal infections, etc.) which may also result in a decrease in blood pressure.
- Heart issues. Low blood pressure can result from cardiac issues including heart failure or heart attacks because the heart cannot adequately pump blood throughout the body.
- Severe harm and shock. Your blood pressure may fall as a result of a severe injury, burns, or shock. For instance, if you experience an allergic reaction known as anaphylactic shock or if you experience shock brought on by a bacterial infection.
If you have symptoms, treatments depend on the cause, treatments that have proved helpful are using more salt, drinking more water, wearing compression stockings, medications.
- Eat small low-carb meals
- Drink more water and less alcohol
- Pay due diligence to your body position [gently move from a squatting position to a standing position. Avoid sitting with legs crossed].
- Exercise regularly
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