Head and neck cancer refers to various kinds of malignant tumors that develop in or around the mouth, nose, throat, and salivary glands. These tumors develop in typical regions and hence require special care in treatment. Usually, these treatments are recommendable to be done in the top cancer hospitals in India. A majority of head and neck cancers are usually squamous cell carcinomas. The most common causes of these cancers are the use of tobacco and alcohol. The head and neck cancers are treatable if detected early, and are also easily preventable. Due to their location, the side effects of head and neck cancer and its treatment may impair the ability of the patients to talk, swallow and eat food.
You can get the details of this disease from our Vanya Health website where we aim to provide all the relevant information for the best treatment for cancer and our dedicated team of experts also helps the patients and their family members to make informed decisions about all the options of their treatment and also offers therapies to manage their potential side effects.
Causes of Head and Neck Cancer:
There may be a variety of causes for head and neck cancer. The common causes are as follows:
- Alcohol and tobacco use
- Infection with HPV or HPV type 16
- Paan (betel quid).
- Occupational exposure.
- Radiation exposure.
- Epstein-Barr virus infection.
- Underlying genetic disorders
Symptoms of Head and Neck Cancer:
The Symptoms of head and neck cancer may vary from person to person. We are having an extensive network of some of the top cancer hospitals where you can book an appointment and get the best cancer treatment in India from anywhere in the country.
A list of the symptoms are given below:
- Swelling or a sore in the throat which is not healing for a long time
- A patch of red or white color in the mouth
- Painful or painless mass, bump, or lump in the neck or head
- Persistent sore throat
- Foul mouth odor which cannot be explained by hygiene
- Hoarseness or change in voice
- Nasal obstruction or persistent nasal congestion
- Frequent bleeding or unusual discharge in the nose
- Difficulty breathing
- Double vision
- Weakness or Numbness around the region of the neck or head
Types of Head and Neck Cancer Treatment:
Surgery is the first type of treatment option available to patients for head and neck cancer which is done in almost all the hospitals in India. It may, however, be combined with radiation therapy or chemotherapy as well. In this treatment, our surgeons may remove the patient’s tumor and also a margin of his surrounding healthy tissue. If it is suspected that cancer has spread, they may also remove his Lymph nodes in the neck.
Radiation therapy treatment uses high-energy X-rays in order to kill the cancer cells and it is done with the help of a machine near the body. By using the technology designed to reduce damage to healthy tissue and organs, this option delivers high doses of radiation to the tumor cells in the body. Our team will guide you on any side effects and also on how to deal with the relevant problems.
This treatment option is for those head and neck cancer patients whose cancer has already spread to some of the other parts of the body as well. Chemotherapy is the application of anti-cancer drugs in order to kill cancer cells throughout the body of the patient. We provide guidance to the patients on how to treat these side effects.
The drugs used for Immunotherapy are called checkpoint inhibitors. These are designed in such a way so as to disrupt the proteins used by the cancer cells in order to disguise themselves from the immune system of the patient.
In this type of treatment option, the specific proteins which help the cancer cells to divide or grow are attacked thereby blocking the growth of head and neck cancer in the body of the patient.