Cancer is an uncontrollable growth of cells that invade and cause damage to surrounding tissue. There are many types of cancer and Oral Cancer is among the life-threatening cancers if not treated early. There are top oral cancer hospitals in India, well equipped with technology that helps cancer patients with the best treatment and proper guidance to people in the prevention of cancer. To know more about Oral Cancer you must first know what it is:
What is Oral Cancer?
Oral Cancer generally known as mouth cancer, includes cancer of the lip, tongue, area between lower jaw bone and tongue, cheek, upper and lower jawbones, and bony palate. It appears as a growth or sore in the mouth that does not go away.
How common is Oral Cancer?
According to WHO (World Health Organization) 10.3 million people might die due to cancer and globally a low 5-year survival rate of 50% is seen among patients with oral cancer. Oral Cancer is more common in men than in women. This difference is found mostly due to more consumption of alcohol and tobacco in men. And half of the people die in one year of detection due to its detection in advanced stages.
Why is Oral Cancer caused?
- The very common cause of Oral Cancer is the consumption of tobacco consumed in various forms some chew it and some smoke it. Tobacco is chewed in the form of moist snuff, dry snuff, kreteks, cigarettes etc. Areca nut and gutka cause mouth cancer.
- Alcohol is another cause of Oral Cancer. The risk increases when both tobacco and alcohol are consumed together.
- Sharp teeth and ill-fitted dentures can also cause Oral Cancer.
- Dental hygiene, dietary deficiencies, HPV virus infection are also the other causes of Oral Cancer.
How can You Prevent Yourself from Getting Oral Cancer?
Though Cancer Treatment in India is very effective and reliable, looking for prevention options is much better than curing options. We discussed the causes in this article hence limiting those things in your daily life can prevent you from causing Oral Cancer. To be precise steps to prevent Oral Cancer is:
- Stop the consumption of Tobacco.
- Stop or limit the consumption of Alcohol.
- Stay away from direct and indirect smoking.
- Eat a healthy diet.
- Stay out of the sun especially between 10 am and 4 pm when sunlight is at its peak because sun exposure can cause lip cancer.
How To Treat Oral Cancer?
The best oncologist in India will treat Oral Cancer as per the location of cancer and stage and also will consider your overall health and personal preferences. You may require one type of treatment or you may undergo a combination of cancer treatments. The treatment options for Oral Cancer are surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. The doctor in India will discuss the options with you.
The surgery includes complete excision of the tumor along with a safety margin of normal tissue all around the tumor. The surgery depends on the tumor size and involvement of adjoining structures. The surgery also helps in the removal of draining lymph nodes of the neck called a neck dissection.
This therapy is often used after surgery but in some cases of early-stage cancer, it might be used alone. In some cases, the combination of radiation therapy and chemotherapy is done. In such cases, the effectiveness of the treatment is increased but the side effects can also be increased.
This is the treatment that uses anti-cancer drugs to kill cancer cells. The chemotherapy drugs can be given alone or in combination with other cancer treatments. The effectiveness of radiation therapy is increased if combined with chemotherapy. You may experience side effects too after chemotherapy.
Targeted drug therapy:
Targeted drug therapy treats mouth cancer by altering specific cancer cells that fuel their growth. This therapy can be used alone or in combination with chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
Cetuximab is one targeted therapy that is used to treat mouth cancer in some situations. Cetuximab stops the action of protein which is found in many healthy cells but is more prevalent in certain types of cancer cells. Other targeted drugs might be an option if standard treatments aren’t working.
As the name suggests this therapy uses the immune system to fight cancer. The body’s immune system may not attack cancer because those cancer cells produce proteins that confuse the immune system cells. Immunotherapy works by interfering with that process. When you consult an oncologist in India he will explain how the process is and why this therapy works. The treatment is generally reserved for people with advanced mouth cancer that’s not responding to cancer treatments.
The bottom line:
If you need more insight on the disease and its treatment many experienced trustworthy doctors in India will help you with their best knowledge and advice. You can consult an oncologist in India online through Vanya Health. People from various countries consider taking help from the doctors of India.