Healthcare Blog
 Healthcare Blog

Introduction

Millions of cancer-affected people across the globe are living a better life with hope, because of the fantastic advancements made in the medical world and treatment procedures. You can easily access such best Breast Cancer Treatment in India and live longer.

If you or your loved one is diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer and you have no idea about this disease then read further for detailed information about the disease, causes, and treatment options available. You can live an active life, even when you are diagnosed with cancer by seeking proper treatment. 

What is Metastatic Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer occurs when certain abnormally produced cells start to multiply uncontrollably forming a tumor. Malignant tumors are the collection or mass of these cells. Metastatic breast cancer is an advanced stage 4 breast cancer type, where cancer-producing cells start spreading across from the breasts to different parts of the body. 

Symptoms of this type of cancer depend on the body part it has been detected in other than the breasts. Parts of the body where the cancer cells could be spreading include the lungs, liver, brain and bones. Though it has spread to multiple parts of the body it is still known as breast cancer.  Therefore breast cancer treatments and therapies are continued even when the tumors have spread to other areas. 

What is stage 4 breast cancer and metastatic breast cancer? 

Stage 4 breast cancer is sometimes referred to as metastatic Breast Cancer because this stage is often diagnosed only when cancer has spread to different parts of the body from its origin. Similarly, metastatic type of cancerous cells originates from the patient’s breasts and gradually spreads to other organs of the body.  

When is Metastatic Breast Cancer diagnosed?

Usually, the advanced stage of breast cancer is detected only when the tumor has spread to different parts of your body. The cancer tumors will start to invade different vital organs of the body and it may be diagnosed after years or months of the original development.

Risk Factors affecting the metastatic breast cancer 

Patients undergone treatment for breast cancer are at huge risk of being diagnosed with metastatic conditions. Risk factors depend on diverse features of the abnormal cancer cells such as:

  • Characteristics of types of the cancer cells
  • The stages of cancer that were initially diagnosed 
  • Chemotherapy or radiation therapy and other treatment are provided.

Cancer-causing cells can spread first to the nearby blood vessels or lymph nodes. Then these cells will be transported throughout the different organs via blood vessels or lymph nodes. These Cancer cells can invade nearby lymph nodes or blood vessels. The cancer cells while traveling will settle in new areas and start developing tumors in that location. 

Causes of metastatic Breast Cancer 

Cancer treatment in India is performed by highly qualified Oncologists. However, sometimes the treatments cannot destroy all the cancer-causing cells. During the treatment process, few cancer cells might be undetectable or hidden or dormant. Later when the treatment is stopped, these hidden cells become active and start spreading to different locations affecting diverse organs in the body. However,  it has been proven that early diagnosis, proper treatments and regular follow up can help in stopping the relapse of cancer.

Symptoms of metastatic breast cancer 

Symptoms of metastatic breast cancer severance depend on the areas in the body where these cancer cells have spread. 

  • Penetrative pain in the bones
  • Fracture or breaking of bones
  • Inflammation 
  • Head pains that keep Worsening 
  • Disturbances in the vision
  • Vomiting and nausea 
  • Seizures
  • Changes in personality or behavior occur when there are brain metastases. 
  • Rashes or itching skin
  • Jaundice 
  • Poor Appetite 
  • Cough that exists for a prolonged period without any interval. 
  • Losing Weight without any cause.
  • Pain in the chest 
  • Breathing problem 
  • Pain in the chest areas
  • Fatigue 

However, metastatic breast cancer cannot be detected with just the above-mentioned symptoms. Certain tests will help in detecting the signs and symptoms of cancer tumours. 

  • Blood tests along with extensive metabolic panel and blood count. 
  • Imaging tests might be recommended such as PET, scan of the bone, CT scan and MRI scan. 
  • A biopsy is a test where a portion of the suspicious body part is removed and sent to be analysed. 

Cure for metastatic breast cancer

To be honest, metastatic breast cancer cannot be completely cured. This is because when the cancer cells spread to different areas and organs of the body it becomes impossible for the doctors to eradicate them. However, if you seek treatment from Top Cancer Hospitals in India it can help in improving the quality of your life. Treatments provided for metastatic breast cancer aim in minimizing the symptoms, slow down the growth of the cancer cells and shrink the size of tumors. 

Treatment options for metastatic breast cancer 

Systemic therapy is the chief treatment option provided for patients struggling with metastatic breast cancer. These types of therapy treatments are a combination of the following:

  • Targeted therapy 
  • Chemotherapy 
  • Immunotherapy 
  • Hormonal therapy 

You can Consult Oncologist in India to plan the best treatment options, which will be decided based on the following factors:

  • Areas of the body that the cancer cells have spread 
  • Treatments performed previously for cancer
  • Treatments will be opted according to the size, shape and behavior of the tumor
  • Symptoms 

If the pain of treatment is unbearable and uncomfortable the Doctors team can terminate or change the therapy. 

Care to be taken during the treatment process 

  • Proper medications should be taken as prescribed by the Doctors.
  • Eat healthier and nutritious foods
  • Follow a simple exercise routine 
  • Seek emotional support from loved ones 

You can avoid metastatic breast cancer by regularly checking your health condition and consulting with the best Breast Cancer Specialist in India and performing mammograms and self-examination. Advancements made in medical technology and fresh approaches to cancer treatments have provided promising hope for cancer patients. Good luck with a healthy future!

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