Atherosclerosis is a health condition where cholesterol plaques accumulate in the inner layers of the artery and your arteries become narrow and hard. The flow of Blood is hindered because of the blockages caused in the arteries. This could be the reason for the occurrence of peripheral vascular disease, strokes and Cardiac attacks. The best cardiologist in India will diagnose accurately and treat Atherosclerosis conditions with perfection.
Causes of Atherosclerosis
- High blood pressure
- High level of bad cholesterol
- Inflammation caused by lupus or arthritis
- Unhealthy eating habits
What happens when Atherosclerosis occurs?
Blood vessels transporting blood from the heart to the entire body are known as arteries. They are enclosed with Layers of endothelium cells. These cells are responsible for keeping the inner layers of the heart to remain in good shape to keep the flow of blood smooth. Atherosclerosis occurs when the cells are damaged.
The inner layer walls will be infected and damaged, which causes the accumulation of plaque. When LDL or bad cholesterol flows through the damaged layers of endothelium cells, it automatically enters the artery wall. Over some time, the accumulated cells will be transformed into plaque stubbornly in the artery walls.
The plaque gradually starts creating a bump on the walls of the arteries. As the bump grows bigger the Atherosclerosis condition worsens. Once it becomes extremely significant, it can cause heart blockage. This condition not only affects your heart but also creates other health issues such as strokes etc.
The Plaque can also get worse and burst, which can cause more severe conditions such as clotting of blood. You can visit the Top Cardiac hospitals in India for consultation with a dedicated team of highly qualified Cardiologists and surgeons for further treatment options.
Symptoms of Atherosclerosis
Until you reach older ages Atherosclerosis will not be causing any adverse symptoms. But, as the narrowing and thinning of arteries are severe, the flow of blood will be blocked, causing infection and pain. Suddenly, the blocked arteries walls could be ruptured causing the blood to clot.
Patients may not experience any visible symptoms until they have a stroke or Cardiac attack. Therefore it is good to regularly evaluate the electrical functioning of your heart and verify if any enlargement is observed with ECG or Echo. Symptoms change according to which arteries are infected and blocked. Vanya Health Medical value travels India will help you in finding the best cardiologist in India to consult the symptoms.
1. Atherosclerosis in Coronary Artery symptoms
When the Atherosclerosis condition occurs in the Coronary Artery the patient will experience unusual fluctuations in the heartbeats known as Arrhythmia. They will have a strong pressure or discomfort in the upper parts of the body such as the jaw, neck, arms or chest. This will be accompanied by severe shortness of breath.
2. Atherosclerosis in the arteries transporting blood to the brain
Patients suffering from Atherosclerosis conditions in those arteries spreading bloodstream to the brain will be experiencing weak or numb feelings in the legs or arms extensively. They might find it difficult to talk or understand clearly when someone is talking to them. Sagging down muscles in the face may give a disfigured look. Some patients suffered from chronic headaches and eyesight problems. Another symptom of Atherosclerosis is paralysis attack.
3. Atherosclerosis in the arteries supplying blood to the pelvis, legs and arms
When the arteries supplying blood to the pelvic area, legs and arms are affected by Atherosclerosis the patient experience severe pain, numb feeling and weakness while walking.
Risk Factors for Atherosclerosis
We need to understand Atherosclerosis can occur easily in patients with smoking habits, health issues, obesity and poor diet. Generally, unhealthy people at the age of Forty-plus are prone to be affected by Atherosclerosis.
As you become older the risk of Atherosclerosis is more than 50 percent chance. Adults who are more than 60 years of age will surely be affected by Atherosclerosis and only a few will be experiencing symptoms that can be noticeable.
Other Atherosclerosis risk factors causing Cardiac attacks and other health problems are as follows-
- Obesity especially in the stomach area
- Huge intake of alcohol
- High level of bad cholesterol
- Unhealthy eating habits
- Lack of exercises
- Stress and anxiety
Treating Atherosclerosis Conditions
When you improve your lifestyle with healthy routine patterns such as regular exercise and eating healthy you will experience changes from painful times to good health conditions. When you Consult a top cardiologist in India they might recommend any of the following treatment options according to the severity of your conditions.
- Stenting and Angiography: In this treatment method, a thin tube is inserted into the artery to clear the clogged and blocked heart symptoms. Though stenting will ease down the symptoms you must follow a healthy lifestyle and proper medications to prevent Cardiac failures.
- Bypass surgery: During the surgical procedure, the Doctor will use healthy blood vessels from your leg or arms and place them across the blocked artery.
- Endarterectomy: The surgeon will remove the plaque in the arteries located in the neck and restore the flow of blood. High-risk patients will be placing a stent.
- Fibrinolytic therapy: Your doctor will prescribe a few medicines and drugs for breaking and dissolving clots of blood in your artery.
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