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If you are diagnosed with mitral valve disease and your heart is experiencing difficulties in functioning normally, you can Consult the best cardiologist in India for obtaining premium quality healthcare services. Most heart problems are associated with damage to your heart valves leading to life-threatening diseases.

What is a mitral valve?

Blood enriched with oxygen flowing from the lungs will enter your heart and later flow into the left atrium chamber and then flows into the left ventricle the pumping chamber. From there this refreshingly oxidised blood is evenly transported to every part of your body. 

The Mitral valve is located between the left ventricle and left atrium for aiding your blood to flawlessly flow forward. However, your blood starts traveling in a backward flow if the mitral valve is damaged or diseased. 

Types of Mitral Valve Problems?

Three types of mitral valve problems occur in a person and need immediate medical attention.


Atresia is a congenital deformities conditions where infants are born with mitral valve defects. It is a rare condition where the valve is not correctly formed preventing the free flow of blood into the left ventricle. Often this type of health condition is treated with surgeries by the best Paediatric Cardiac surgeon in India. 

Mitral stenosis 

When flaps of the mitral valve are thickened, stiffened or fused, this condition is known as mitral Stenosis. Since the valve is fused and stiffened it prevents blood from flowing freely through the valve. Rheumatic heart disease or radiation treatment or age factors are a few causes of these mitral valve problems.  

Mitral valve regurgitation

This could be considered one of the most common valve diseases, and it occurs when the mitral valve does not tightly close. Because of this condition, the blood not only flows in the forward motion into the left ventricle but also starts flowing in the backward motion into the left atrium.

Treatment options for mitral valve disease

If you are diagnosed with mitral valve disease, then it is essential that you immediately consult with your Doctor and fix the dates for the best valve treatments from Top cardiac hospitals in India. 

Your doctor will recommend mitral valve repair or replacement surgery according to your body health condition and severity of the disease. 

1. Mitral valve repair

Once the Heart specialist in India examines your mitral valve health condition, they will be deciding on the treatment process according to the seriousness of your illness. If possible, your physicians will mostly recommend mitral valve repair treatment before proceeding with replacement surgery. This is because it preserves the tissues in your heart. 

Benefits of mitral valve disease repair 

  • Repair treatment helps preserve the strength and functioning capacity of the muscles in your heart.
  • It can prevent your risk of getting post-surgery endocarditis infections, which occur in the membranes of your heart’s chambers and valves. 
  • Post mitral valve repair treatment you will not be asked to take any further medication for blood thinning purposes.

Mitral valve disease repair options

Mitral stenosis repair treatment

One of the most common mitral valve disease repair treatments for mitral Stenosis is valvotomy or balloon valvuloplasty. This is a minimally-invasive procedure, which causes less blood loss and lesser pain than mitral valve replacement surgical treatment. 

In this treatment method, a balloon that can expand is inserted with an attached catheter into the thinned valve. Then the balloon is made to expand, which allows the narrowed valve to stretch open and function properly  

Mitral valve regurgitation treatment 

If you experience leaking valves, then your surgeon will repair the shape, trim or rebuild the damaged flaps and fix the valve. The valve is tightened using a tissue or ring of cloth or metal to prevent backwards leakage of blood.

2. Mitral valve replacement

Sometimes, your mitral valve damages could be beyond repair and be cured only by valve replacement surgery. This surgery is comprised of two types of mitral valve replacement processes. 

Manufactured mechanical mitral valves

Manufactured mechanical valves are designed and built with durable materials such as titanium and carbon to replace your damaged mitral valve. These materials are resistant enough for long-lasting throughout your lifetime period. 

However, you must take certain medications for blood thinning for the rest of your life because of the blood clotting risk. Clots leaked into the bloodstream are dangerous and can cause stroke or heart attack. 

Biological valves

Biological valves, also called tissue valves, are designed and built from animal donors and replaced with your diseased valve. These biological valves last between 10 to 20 years period and later be replaced once again. These types of valves do not cause any blood clotting. Therefore, blood thinners are given only for a few days post surgery and are not recommended for a lifetime. 


The Best Way To Treat Mitral Valve Disease is decided by your Doctors depending upon the heart’s health condition and your medical history. Vanya Health Medical value travel in India is vital to help you obtain valuable facts about the well-qualified surgeons, premium quality healthcare services and advanced technology treatment.

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